Dream suppression

Dream suppression is a decrease in the vividness, intensity, frequency, and recollection of a person's dreams. At its lower levels, this can be a partial suppression which results in the person having dreams of a lesser intensity and a lower rate of frequency. However, at its higher levels, this can be a complete suppression which results in the person not experiencing any dreams at all. Dream suppression is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of cannabinoids [1] and most types of antidepressants [2] [3] [4] . This is due to the way in which they increase REM latency, decrease REM sleep, reduce total sleep time and efficiency, and increase wakefulness. [1] [2] [3] [5] REM sleep is where majority of dreams occur. [6]

References

  1. [1][2] Schierenbeck, T., Riemann, D., Berger, M., & Hornyak, M. (2008). Effect of illicit recreational drugs upon sleep: cocaine, ecstasy and marijuana. Sleep medicine reviews, 12(5), 381-389. | https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2007.12.004
  2. [1][2] Sharpley, A. L., & Cowen, P. J. (1995). Effect of pharmacologic treatments on the sleep of depressed patients. Biological psychiatry, 37(2), 85-98. | https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3223(94)00135-P
  3. [1][2] Trivedi, M. H., Rush, A. J., Armitage, R., Gullion, C. M., Grannemann, B. D., Orsulak, P. J., & Roffwarg, H. P. (1999). Effects of fluoxetine on the polysomnogram in outpatients with major depression. Neuropsychopharmacology, 20(5), 447-459. | https://doi.org/10.1016/S0893-133X(98)00131-6
  4. Vogel, G. W., Buffenstein, A., Minter, K., & Hennessey, A. (1990). Drug effects on REM sleep and on endogenous depression. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 14(1), 49-63. | https://doi.org/10.1016/S0149-7634(05)80159-9
  5. Feinberg, I., Jones, R., Walker, J. M., Cavness, C., & March, J. (1975). Effects of high dosage delta‐9‐tetrahydrocannabinol on sleep patterns in man. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 17(4), 458-466. | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/164314
  6. Hobson, J. A., Stickgold, R., & Pace-Schott, E. F. (1998). The neuropsychology of REM sleep dreaming. Neuroreport, 9(3), R1-R14. | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9512371

Tags

cannabinoids
cognitive
suppression

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